1.1. General description and key data of the constitutional systemRepublic of Belarus is an independent state since 1991. In 1994 Belarus became a presidential republic. The Republic of Belarus is a unitary, democratic, social state based on the rule of law.The Republic of Belarus is bound by the principle of supremacy of law. Belarus admits the priority of generally acknowledged principles of international law and assure the conformity of legislation with them.The State and all the bodies and officials thereof operate within the confines of the Constitution and the laws enacted in accordance therewith. The Republic exercises supreme control and absolute authority over the whole of its territory, and implements an independent internal and foreign policy.The Republic of Belarus defends its independence and territorial integrity, its constitutional system, and safeguard legality and law and order.The only source of state power and bearer of sovereignty in Belarus is the people. The people can exercise their power directly, through elected representatives and other institutions within limits defined by the Constitution.
The individual, his rights, freedoms and guarantees for their implementation is the supreme value and objective of the society and state. The state is responsible to its citizens for providing opportunities for free development. The citizen is responsible to the state for adequately performing his constitutional duties.
Any actions to change the constitutional order and achieve power by forceful means, or by otherwise violating the laws of the Republic of Belarus is punishable by law.
Protecting the rights and freedoms of the citizens of Belarus is the ultimate goal of the state. Everybody has the right to a decent standard of living, including the right to adequate nutrition, clothing, housing and the right to the constant improvement of conditions necessary for the provision of such rights.
The state guarantees the rights and freedoms of the citizens of Belarus, stated by the constitution, laws and other international commitments of the state.
Everyone is equal before the law, and has the right to equal protection of their legitimate rights and interests, with no exemption or discrimination.