1.1 General description and key data of the constitutional systemAccording to the Constitution, Estonia is an independent and sovereign democratic republic wherein the supreme power of the state is vested in the people. The people exercise their supreme power of the state on the elections of the Riigikogu (The Parliament of the Republic of Estonia) through citizens who have the right to vote and through a referendum.
The Constitution (Eesti Vabariigi Põhiseadus) in force was adopted by the people of Estonia, on the basis of § 1 of the Constitution, which entered into force in 1938, and by a referendum held on 28 June 1992.
The Constitution could be amended by an Act which has been passed by:
- a referendum;
- two successive memberships of the Riigikogu;
- the Riigikogu, as a matter of urgency.
- a member of the Riigikogu;
- a faction of the Riigikogu;
- a committee of the Riigikogu;
- the Government of the Republic;
- the President of the Republic, for amendment of the Constitution.
- The Riigikogu
- The President of the Republic
- The Government of the Republic
- The Bank of Estonia
- The State Audit Office
- The Chancellor of Justice
- The Courts
- Local Governments