1.1 General description and key data of the constitutional systemThe Constitution of Finland affirms Finland's status as a sovereign Republic. The provision on state sovereignty must under the present conditions be seen in relation to the international obligations binding on Finland, and especially to the membership in the European Union.
The political system of Finland is republican parliamentary democracy based on the competition among political parties. According to the main principle of the Constitution of Finland, the sovereign power lies with the people represented by the Parliament. The power of decision has been divided between the Parliament, the Government and the President of the Republic. The Parliament has the position as the highest organ of government and the Government has to enjoy its confidence. The delegation of power takes place in accordance with the Western European model of parliamentarism. The regular functional separation of legislative, executive and judicial powers prevails in Finland. The legislative powers are exercised by the Parliament, which also decides on State Finances. The governmental powers are exercised by the President of the Republic and the Government and the judicial powers by independent Courts of law. The rule of law is included in the Constitution: the exercise of public power has always to be based on law.