1.5 Division and interlink age of the political and the administrative system
In Lithuania, State power shall be executed by the Seimas, the President of the Republic and the Government, and the Judiciary (Article 5 of the Constitution).
The Position of the President of the Republic is regarded be to an exclusive institution from the political point of view: A person elected President of the Republic must suspend his activities in political parties and political organisations until the beginning of a new campaign of the election of the President of the Republic. The President of the Republic may not be a Member of the Seimas, may not hold any other office, and may not receive any remuneration other than the remuneration established for the President of the Republic as well as remuneration for creative activities (Article 86).
The elected Seimas together with the President of the Republic (their time for elections does not coincide) form the Government of the State - appoint the Prime Minister and Ministers. The Government is regularly accountable to the Seimas. The Government makes an annual report on its work to the Seimas not more than once a year.
According to the Constitution, the courts of the Republic shall administer justice. Political institutions (the Seimas and the President of the Republic) influence the framework of the courts, i.e. appoint and dismiss the justices. Various courts are formed in a slightly different manner.
The President of the Republic, upon the asset of the Seimas, shall appoint the Supreme Court justices as well as judges of the Court of Appeal, and from among them, the President of the Court of Appeal. The President of the Republic shall appoint judges and presidents of regional and local courts, and change their places of work.
The Constitutional Court shall consist of 9 justices, each appointed for a single nine-year term of office. Every three years, one-third of the Constitutional Court shall be reconstituted. The Seimas shall appoint candidates for justices of the Constitutional Court from the candidates, three each submitted by the President of the Republic, the President of the Seimas, and the President of the Supreme Court, and appoint them as justices. The Seimas shall appoint the President of the Constitutional Court from
among its justices upon the submission by the President of the Republic.
For a gross violation of the Constitution, breach of oath, or when it transpires that a crime has been committed, the President and justices of the Supreme Court as well as the President and judges of the Court of Appeal may be removed from office by the Seimas according to the procedure for impeachment proceedings.
The Constitution states that justice shall be administered only by courts, while administering justice, the judge and courts shall be independent, when considering cases, judges shall obey only the law.
Although the Constitution claims that State power shall be executed by the Seimas, the President of the Republic and the Government, and the Judiciary, so the political life in the aforementioned statement does not seem to be materialized at the local level; it is worth while touching upon (considering) it. Political life runs at the local level. Elective institutions - municipal councils exist at the local as well as national levels. Municipal councils elect the municipal mayor. The municipal administration is formed to carry out the decisions of the municipal councils. It is run by the municipal administrator appointed on the proposal of the mayor as well as the decision taken by the board.