2.1 General description, history and key data of the political system

The Republic of Lithuania is a multidimensional parliamentary democracy. Elections are taken at two levels: national (the Seimas and the President of the Republic are elected) and local (municipal councils are elected). The Seimas and the President of the Republic shall form the Government of the State.

Local authorities - municipal councils are the institutions elected directly by the citizens. The electorate votes for the political parties. In proportion to the votes received, the parties are given seats in municipal councils.

Speaking about the political life at local level, it is importance to mention the principles according to which the work of the institutions of local authorities is carried out. Accountability to voters; participation of the population in the management of public affairs of a municipality; adjustment of local government and State interests while managing public affairs of municipalities; freedom and independence of the activities of local authorities when they, while implementing laws, other legal acts and obligations to the community, adopt decisions; transparency of activities; adjustment of interests of the community and individual residents of a municipality; publicity and response to residents' opinion; lawfulness of the activities of a municipality and decisions adopted by local authorities; ensuring and respect for human rights and freedoms are the basic principles the Law on Local Self-government prescribed to the institutions of local self-governance.