2.1 General description, history, and key data of the political system

The political system is divided between the central state organization and the municipal organization. Elected politicians for serving the interests of the nation are representatives in the Parliament. It is not necessary that appointed politicians in the Government should have some background from a chair of the Parliament. There are no formal requirements of this kind. Anyhow, experience as representative in the Parliament will normally enhance the ministers' or the ministerial secretaries' capacity to judge whether policies of a Government will gather support in the Parliament or not. Ministerial secretaries and advisers are normally aspiring politicians or professionals with membership in the ruling party (-ies). Politicians elected for regional and local government belong to the municipal organization.

Politicians elected or appointed for the government of the state are only found at the central government tire. To some extents it might be said that the political connections between the central government and the regions have been maintained through the tradition of appointing existing or former politicians from the Parliament or the Government to a position as County Governor. In the opposite direction, politicians in central government seats will more often than not have certain experiences from local politics. Recruitment of politicians from county municipal seats to the Parliament or positions in the Government is not that usual.