1.5. Division and interrelation of the political and the administrative system

Independence of key ruling functions and institutions in Russia, as in other countries, has the goal to eliminate actions, favoring but the part of political and business groups and causing corruption. The Constitution and federal laws stipulate some procedures of mutual impact of different state institutions on the decision-making: the executive bodies may issue legislative proposal, give effect to laws, adopted by representative bodies; different bodies establish conciliatory commissions or arrange meetings of institutions' representatives. The Constitution allows to representative bodies to express distrust to executive ones, RF President and regional heads may dissolute representative bodies of respective levels.

The RF President may apply conciliatory procedures to resolve conflicts between federal and regional public bodies or between regional ones. If the conciliatory procedure fails, he has to relay on court decision. If RF President defeats a bill in two weeks after adoption by Parliament, SD and FC once again consider the bill and may adopt it by two thirds of votes (each chamber), thus obliging President to sign the law and to publish it. The similar procedures are applied in regions according to their constitutions or charters. Administrative functions for political persons and structures are limited (they may have some positions at political parties and representative bodies), meantime the political involvement of administrative structures is much more typical. Though regional governors by RF legislation are heads of executive bodies, they have enough stimulus and possibilities to participate in regional (and sometimes in national) political activity. The public policy at other administrative positions is not prevalent, but administrative decisions more than often follow from political orientations of administrative structures and persons.