1.3 Objectives and scope. Basic functions of planning

Building of market economy is one of the key principles of contemporary social and economic policy of the Republic of Belarus. On the one hand, spatial planning in new terms should aim at providing of market sustainability of the territories and determine different strategies for a territory with certain conditions for social and economic development. On the other hand, while market economy is developed, it is important to consider and protect public interests, to provide safe and sustainable environment for the population, to preserve and provide efficient use of natural resources, historical and cultural heritage that belongs to the population of the republic.

During the elaboration of state forecasts and programs of social and economic development of Belarus and its administrative and territorial units according to the legislation, the spatial planning requirements are to be considered. Spatial plans are corresponded and subordinated. Thereby the protective and coordinating role of planning comes out.
Physical planning, as planning in general, can be divided into the directive and indicative. Directive planning includes priority territories which have to be accomplished foremost. Indicative planning is a definition of stimulus and limits for development and usage of territories and plots of land in urban plan. The purpose of physical planning is to organize and develop certain areas (regions) according to the elementary facets of human existence, such as housing, work, education, supplies, leisure and transport, so as to ensure optimum social and economic conditions and sustain the natural foundations of life. The focus is on defining zone and site uses in structural plans and related measures. Physical planning, land use planning and territorial planning have broadly the same meaning. They describe government action to regulate development and land uses in pursuit of agreed objectives. The idea of physical/land use/territorial planning is generally what national, regional and local governments have in mind when they talk of spatial planning.