2.1 Legal framework of planning

If we set the Law on Territorial Planning in the centre of laws regulating planning in Lithuania, then the rest should be laid out in a certain order with regard to the said Law. One should place the Constitution higher than the Government, the Law on Local Self-Government, the Law on Land, for they detail the principles of the relationship of private persons, municipalities and the State which are introduced in the Constitution. For example, the Law on Land apply them to land. These laws formulate preconditions for the existence of territorial planning, outline the competence of the State and municipalities, and regulate the relations of land , the rights and duties of the owner of land in the way that the owners and users of land must "in the manner established by legal acts, build construction works and facilities only after having received necessary permits." Moreover, they must "act in accordance with special conditions of land use established for the land plot and in full conformity with requirements identified in the territorial planning documents." They also must use the land according to the principle specific purpose, means and character of land use . The Law on Land influences the instruments of plans to a certain extent, for it indicates who and to what purpose of land use can be applied.

The Law on Regional Development and Strategic Planning Methodology (approved by the Government of Lithuania, Resolution No. 902 of July 2004) should be equally placed near the Law on Territorial Planning. Both documents have developed two planning movements composing a territorial aspect and reflecting the content of general territorial planning to a certain extent. Strategic Planning Methodology is not a document of law level, but according to its historical significance, it should be included here, as well.
On the other hand, a number of sectorial laws may be placed lower than the Law on Territorial Planning (from the point of view of territorial planning): the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Environment Protection, the Law on Forests, the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Protected Territories, the Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Protection of the Immovable Cultural Property, and the rest. Each law manages its own sphere; however, while implementing the said management, it uses the instruments of territorial planning in accordance with the system dictated by the Law on Territorial Planning.

After laws, one should name post-statutory acts, i.e. the Government resolutions, and a bit lower - orders of ministers detailing the approved statements included in laws. The following are the post-statutory acts: Description of the procedure for the preparation of the master (general) plan of the state territory of the Republic of Lithuania, Provisions of public discussion of territorial planning document drafts, Regulations for the drafting of master plans of the county territory, Regulations for master plans of the municipality territory, Regulations for special plans of communications and transport, Regulations for special plans of infrastructure development (heat, electricity, gas and oil supply networks), et cetera. A system of territorial planning in Lithuania is of great importance, for the weight of such post-statutory acts in the whole system of legal regulations is extremely considerable: a major part of territorial planning regulations are explicated especially in those acts.