1.5 Main elements

The elements of the different planning categories are of deviating character:

Formally according to law, the mandate for and elements of land use planning are delineated and organized over levels as well as towards other sectors. It is more or less designed for a clear cut delineation of responsibilities between planning entities mandated with regulatory power and other public entities on the one hand and different kinds of actors, public or private, on the other. Thus, it describes the organization of planning and permitting authorities, planning and permitting processes at different levels, and furthermore, types of plans and applications with related instruments, also in situations justifying more extensive intervention through eminent domain.

In the formal system there has been a clear division of labor in financial matters between the public entities responsible for development of infrastructure and community facilities versus the developer's responsibilities. These kinds of territorial goods have by and large been under public responsibilities until now. Through the latest years new organizational arrangements for financing infrastructure and facilities are introduced, particularly in state infrastructure planning. In land use planning practice this demarcation seems to be under change, mainly as a consequence of negotiating arrangements used during the phase of projects implementation. Additionally, there are elements regulating sanctions towards violation of rules and regulations. Particular aspects of the physical environment like nature and cultural heritage are regarded as a part of the planning system through legal arrangements, although the regulatory authority relating to nature conservation and cultural heritage is under the rule of the State.

Since the municipalities are the main producers of public services, the most important elements are connected to legal constructions partially affecting, partially regulating municipal activities. Municipal ownership of infrastructure and community facilities is important in this regard. The Municipal Law together with sectoral laws contains the main statutory responsibilities for the organizing and financing of municipal activities, and will accordingly strike a balance towards requirements concerning other kinds of services under the responsibilities of the State.

Usually, it is up to the County Municipality to organize regional development planning connecting to industrial activities. The content and as a consequence the content of this planning will be varying. At minimum there will be a management part. However development planning activities can be organized permanently or on temporary basis as projects. Municipalities can organize development planning activities as a part of their comprehensive municipal planning. In some situations the scope of this local development planning can have a multi municipal or regional character through cooperation on agreed tasks between several municipalities.