1.3 Objectives and scope
As an objective of urban planning and land development is declared sustainable development of territories, ensuring safety and favorable living conditions, prevention of negative impact from any activity upon environment, protection and rational use of natural resources for existing and future generations. Spatial or territorial planning essentially covers decisions concerning objects under responsibility of different public levels, specific land use conditions zones, functional uses for areas (at master plans). Land use and development code (zoning ordinance) specifies uses and parameters for lots located at different zones within settlements. Land planning determines general parameters of urban structures. As a whole urban planning and land development activity by law includes working out and implementation of all above mentioned documents, as well as engineering surveys, design documentation, building permits issuance, control of construction activity and land use control.