1.7 Significance of transnational and trans-border aspects

According to legislation federal authority is obliged to establish in planning schemes objects, needed to perform international liability of Russia. Currently Russia is not fully implementing the Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention). This was the conclusion reached by the board of the Russian Audit Chamber (March 2005), which considered the results of an audit of the effective use of government resources allocated in 2002-2003 for environmental measures under the Helsinki Convention. "... one of the reasons for Russia's failure to meet a numbers of its obligations under the Helsinki Convention is the severe lack of funding for environmental and water management measures," says the Audit Chamber press release. In 2002-2003 no funds were allocated in the federal budget for these activities. The documents presented by the board noted set of problems that prevent Russia from fully implementing the Helsinki Convention. The Russian Government has not yet solved problems on the division of responsibilities between the federal and regional authorities, institutions and organizations under whose responsibility issues concerning the implementation of the Convention fall. There does not exist any guiding development program for implementing science-based measures intended to fulfill the Convention. "This means the functions of executive bodies are duplicated and their actions are uncoordinated, which creates serious difficulties for attempts to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea," the Russian Audit Chamber noted. The Board of the Russian Audit Chamber decided to send a letter containing this information to the Environment Ministry, to the Government and the Foreign Ministry. The report on the results of the audit is being sent to both houses of the Russian Parliament.


As a successful project carried out with the participation of European countries became the construction of South-west waste disposal plant at Saint-Petersburg (accomplished in 2005). Government of Finland allocated for project implementation E10m, in project financing participated Sweden, Denmark and European Investment Bank. Last years some Russian research and project teams are actively involved in international projects (as under the aegis of Interreg, Tacis, Plancenter, UN Habitat).